The Croasdaile family of Rynn, Rosenallis
1628 to 1930

This website is devoted to the Croasdaile family who lived at Rynn House, Rosenallis in the Irish midlands, their ancestors and their descendents.  It is work in progress based on original research carried out by my aunt, Maureen Clay, in the 1980s and on subsequent research carried out both in Ireland and on the internet.  It is work in progress; new information comes to light all the time, so if you have anything to add to this site please let me know.  Contact details are at the bottom of the page.

It is not academically rigorous, but where I am unsure of facts I have highlighted areas of speculation or less-than-rock-solid sources.

Peter Moss.
Croasdaile crest
The House
Rynn House photo
Rynn House
Click here for more information on Rynn House

The origins of the name pre-1628.

In her research Maureen Clay came across an investigation by a lawyer based in Denver, Colorado.  She transcribed his document, which I in turn scanned and transcribed.  The results can be found here (click image).
References to Croasdale in Lancashire, Westmoreland and Cumbria can be found here (click map)
Croasdale places
Several Croasdaile lived in Jamaica in the 1700s and 1800s, some profiting from the Slave Trade.  Details are here Jamaica


1628 to 1709
Thomas Croasdaile. The first mention I can find of the Croasdaile family in Ireland is Thomas Croasdaile.  He is mentioned in a case heard by the High Court of Parliament in 1713, in which it is found that he had acted fraudulently in executing the estate of Sir Henry Waddington, who in his will described Thomas as a "kinsman".  The appellant in the appeal was another Thomas Croasdaile, who I believe was his son, born around 1668 and brother of Henry (born 1660).  Details of the case can be found here:
A transcript of the case is here: Court transcript 1713

According to Burke, Thomas was MP for Athenry in 1661 and High Sheriff of Galway in 1672.
However, according to the Trinity College Dublin Down Survey of land-ownership in Ireland in 1641 and 1670, no Croasdaile owned land in Ireland.

Thomas Croasdaile owned land in Scarriffe (Co Clare), Woodford, (Co Galway), Derrycrag (Co Galway) plus Killagown,  Cloucoe,   Slewbaghty and Droomeenecotty (I don't know where these are).  See location map here: Google map link
His children were Elizabeth, Richard, Henry, Thomas and John.  Richard had a son also called Thomas who served at the Battle of Ramillies. 
1660 to 1699
Henry Croasdaile. Henry was brother of Richard, Thomas (referred to above in the court case), John and Elizabeth.  He lived at Ballinroan and Clochstocken, Co Galway, was married to Alice, and died around 1699.  His children were Thomas, Alice, Richard and Henry.
1684 to 1740?
Thomas Croasdaile.  Thomas Croasdaile was the eldest son of Henry.  His siblings were Alice, Richard and Henry.  He married Elizabeth Pilkington of Talantstown, Co Louth, on 12th April 1705.  His children were Henry, William, Pilkington, John and Richard.  Thomas was High Sheriff of County Galway in 1721 ( .  He witnessed a land sale in 1721 between  Robert Jackson of Mountmellick, Queens CO. and Erasmus Jackson, his son, of Mountmellick, Queens Co (
A will is listed here (in 1740)

1708 to 1778
Henry Croasdaile. Henry Croasdile was the eldest son of Thomas.  His siblings were Despard and Richard.  In 1727 he entered Trinity College Dublin, thus maintaining a Croasdaile tradition started by Thomas, his first cousin once-removed, in 1697 (reference:  Alumni Dublinenses by Burtchaell & Sadler, ISBN 1855069539    London, 1924,  According to Alumni Dublinenses his father was "an Armiger" from Mellick, Queens Co., someone entitled to a coat of arms.

Henry married Mary Despard, and their children were Richard & Henry.  He was High Sheriff of County Galway in 1744.

 According to "Irish Migrants in the Canadas" by Bruce S Elliott, "In 1742 Henry Croasdaile of Woodford, and few miles to the north of Ballenruane, secured title to that property by paying the debts of his uncle.  He moved to Ballenruane soon after and began actively to develop the estate, operating iron works there and leasing large portions of the estate for lives to farmers ..."
"...It appears that Croasdaile brought these families in from County Clare, to the west...."
"Thus the Croasdaile estate in Clonrush was planted with a small but socially and economically dominant class of Protestant freeholders."  A map from page 24 of the book is included below.  The map shows part of the north shore of Lough Derg in Co Clare.
Croasdaile Estates
                map 1760
Henry died at Woodford, Co Galway in November 1778.
1740 to 1832
Richard Croasdaile.  Richard Croasdaile was born around 1740.  He was brother to Henry.  He married Elizabeth Sandes in September 1775.  Their children were Lancelot, Edward, Elizabeth, Mary, Henry, Thomas Pearson, Catherine and George. 

Richard lived at Woodford Co Galway and at Rynn, Queens County which he inherited following the death of Pierson Croasdaile in 1785.  He was a soldier (rank of Colonel) and a plantation owner in Jamaica, was High Sheriff of Queen's County in 1772 and of County Galway in 1775 (source:  Burke's Irish family records). 

He wrote a will in June 1829; this will is in the UK National Archives.  A transcript of it can be found here:  Richard_Croasdaile_will_1829_transcript.html

Richard died in 1832.

Lancelot Croasdaile.  Lancelot Croasdaile was born in 1778 on Jamaica.  He was brother to Edward, Elizabeth, Mary, Henry, Thomas Pearson, Catherine and George.
In 1795 Lancelot entered Trinity College Dublin aged 16.  His father is listed as Richard, "Generosus", of noble birth.
He married Susan Brownrigg.  Their children were Richard, John C and Elizabeth Ann Croasdaile.
In 1810 he was sheriff of Queens County, and in 1811 was High Sheriff of Queens County.

John C Croasdaile.  John C Croasdaile was born in 1830 at Rynn, Rosenallis, brother of Richard and Elizabeth Ann.    He was an Army Captain in the Queens County Rifles (, was appointed a magistrate on 18th March 1853
He married Anna Jane Townshend in 1858.  Their children were Lancelot, Richard, Henry Frederick, John Ernest, Frederick George and Helen.
John and Anna appear to have been keen ornithologists; John, as was the way in those days, is reported to have shot a crossbill.  Anna reported on the sightings of sand martins and woodlarks  in 1874 to Birds of Ireland (pages 51 and 101).
More details on the Townshend family can be found here Townsend family.
John C died on 7th October 1889 at Rynn, Queen's County.  Anna died on 14th Dec 1916; she is buried in Dublin at Deansgrange Cemetery.
Henry Frederick Croasdaile.  Henry Frederick Croasdaile was born in 1863 at Rynn, Rosenallis. He qualified as a Merchant Navy Captain in 1910 in Dublin (  He moved to Liverpool and married Mary Ellen Lloyd.  Their children were  Anna Mary, John Lloyd, Lancelot, Violet  and Frederick.  Anna Mary died as an infant.  Lancelot was killed in WW1 (1918); he was a private soldier.   John Lloyd (Jack) followed his father into the Merchant Navy, serving as Staff Captain on the Queen Mary in 1939.   His life thereafter was a series of tragedies, detailed here.

Henry and Mary lived at several addresses in and around Liverpool between 1893 and 1906.  Thereafter they moved to Calmore in Hampshire, near Southampton.
Violet Croasdaile.  Violet Croasdaile was born in 1902 in Liverpool and was baptised on 1st June 1902 at St Michael in the Hamlet, Aigburth, Lancashire.  She married Arthur Frank Moss on the 17th May 1924 at Netley Marsh, Hampshire.  Arthur Moss was a Master Mariner with Elders and Fyffes, running banana ships between the UK and the West Indies.  Their children were John Arthur, Maureen Rosemary and Avril Frances.  Arthur died of an illness contracted in the West Indies in 1938 leaving Violet to bring up the three children on her own.
John Arthur Moss.  John Arthur Moss was born on the 25th May 1926 in Southampton.  He moved to Mansfield, Nottinghamshire with his parents where he lived for the rest of his life.  On 14th March 1956 he married Margaret Thompson from Newcastle.  They had three children; David John, Peter Kenneth and Geoffrey Philip.  He died on the 30th December 2005 in Mansfield.
Peter Moss

Last Updated 19th July 2021